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# Have You Mastered the Fundamentals of Poker – Quiz Answers And Explanations

Here are the questions, answers, and explanations to the Master The Fundamentals Of Poker Quiz

Question #1: Counting Combinations – Preflop: How many combinations are there of every unpaired starting hand?

6 combos

8 combos

12 combos

16 combos

Explanation: Take 9-8 for example. You have 4 possible 9s and 4 possible 8s, so you take 4 x 4 = 16 total combinations. NOTE: There are 4 suited combos and 12 off-suit combos of each unpaired starting hand.

Question #2. Counting Combinations – Preflop: How many combos are there of every pocket pair?

3 combos

6 combos

9 combos

12 combos

Explanation: There are 6 combinations of all pocket pairs. To solve the number of combinations of pocket pairs = (X * (X-1))/2) where X = the number of available cards in the deck. So… (4 * (4-1))/2) = 6.

Question #3. Pot Odds: The pot is \$100, and Villain goes all-in for another \$100. At least how often do you need to win to justify calling?

25%

33%

50%

75%

Explanation: When solving for your pot odds, you take your risk divided by your risk + reward. So it’s 100/(100+200) = 1/3 = 33%. This means that you need to win at least 33% of the time to justify calling.

Question #4. Counting Outs: You have KhTh on an Ah-9h-Jd-2d board. How many outs do you have to the absolute nuts?

6

9

10

12

Explanation: There are 7 hearts that will give you a flush without pairing the board and 2 Q’s that will give you the nuts (Qh accounted for with heart combos, and Qd will bring in the backdoor flush). So, you have 9 outs.

Question #5. Outs to Odds: Approximately, what are the chances you will improve to the absolute nuts on the river above (9 outs).

9%

15%

18%

36%

Explanation: As a rule of thumb, take the number of outs you have and multiply by 2 and make that a percentage to get your turn-to-river odds (9 x 2 = 18%). If you’re on the flop, multiply by 4 to get an estimation of your flop-to-river odds.

Question #6. Stack to Pot Ratio (SPR): You’re playing \$2/\$5 (\$500 effective) and raise to \$15 from the CO, BTN 3-bets to \$45 and you proceed to 4-bet to \$120, the opponent calls. What is the SPR on the flop?

1.5:1

2:1

1:1

3:1

Explanation: After 4-betting to \$120, you have \$380 in your stack while the pot size is \$247. 380/247 = ~1.5.

Question #7. Raise sizing: You’re playing \$1/\$2 and 4 people limp in, you are on the BTN and want to raise. How much would a Pot-Sized Raise be?

\$12

\$15

\$17

\$8

Explanation: To calculate a pot-size raise take 3 * Last Bet + Any Additional Money in the Pot. So, 3*\$2 + \$9 = \$15

Question #8. Blockers: The BTN raises to 2.5bb, you look down at Ah4h from the SB. Since you have an A, how much of your opponents Ax range are you blocking?

10%

20%

25%

33%

Explanation: Because you have one of the Aces, your opponent only has 75% as many combinations of Ax as he would normally have in his preflop range.

Question #9. Minimum Defense Frequency: You get to the river, and your opponent bets ½ pot. What is the minimum defense frequency such that your opponent’s bluffs don’t immediately profit?

33%

50%

67%

75%

Explanation: You solve for the MDF by taking pot / ( bet + pot ). So, when facing a ½ pot bet on the river the MDF = 1/(1+.5) = .66

Question #10. Equity Realization: As stacks get shorter, the amount of equity you realize from out of position goes …

Up

Down

Explanation: As stacks get deeper, you will under-realize your equity from out of position more drastically. This is because you will have to play from out of position, across multiple streets, with the possibility of facing all bet sizes. When playing short stacked, you will have the ability to get it all-in easier and thus realize your full equity.

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